• Hyperpigmentation: It is caused when the skin has suffered damage on a specific area.
    Hyperpigmentation makes the skin produce more melanin turning the specific small area of the skin more dark.
  • Hormonal imbalance: it can be related , for instance, to pregnancy, which can cause hyperpigmentation of the skin cells.
  • Excessive sun exposure : Excessive exposure to the sun can make the skin of the face produce excessive melanin to protect it from the sun’s ultraviolet rays.
  • Liver damage: Dark spots on the skin are also a classic sign of liver damage, because the body is less effective in removing toxins from the cells.
  • Acne: Acne can often cause dark spots on the face and other body parts.