by Dr. Yiannis Neofytou
If your child gets lice, it does not mean that he does not follow basic hygiene rules. It is very common for children to get lice during the summer holidays, at kindergarten or school. According to studies 4 out of 10 children get lice every year.
What are lice and nits?
Head lice are tiny insects with 6 legs and a gray color. But when filled with blood, their appearance is more red than gray. Although they don’t jump from head to head (as they don’t have wings), they walk very fast and this makes them difficult to spot on the head.Nits are the eggs of lice, which appear on the head as small pieces of dandruff. They are stuck to the hairs and have a yellowish, white or brown color. Eggs are laid close to the scalp by lice so that they are easier to hatch from the high temperature. The most common spots are behind the ears, or near the neck.
The louse can lay up to 8 nits per day. The eggs hatch in about a week (6 to 9 days). Hatchlings require a blood meal within minutes of hatching.Within the next 7 days, they become adults and can start laying eggs too!Lice can be spread from one child to another as they touch their heads, play, cuddle or sleep together.
The best prevention is regular checkups! Once a week, search your child’s head with the special comb, paying special attention to the points mentioned above, whether it is itchy or not. Although head lice are usually itchy, this is not always necessary.
To treat lice, there are the following methods:Lice shampoo. Apply to wet hair and remove, after it has worked, according to its instructions. We suggest choosing a shampoo that works on lice and nits.
Antibacterial lotion. It is sprayed on the hair and removed after it works, with shampoo
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