Androgenetic alopecia is the most common form of hair loss characterised by a gradual, quantitative and qualitative reduction of the hair on the scalp resulting in thinning and ultimately in their loss. Androgenetic alopecia affects 60% of men from the age 50 and up and 35% of women until the age of 50. Men suffering [...]
Factors that affect the causes of androgenetic alopecia in men and women are androgens, heredity and age. A special part plays the reaction of the immune system.
The diagnose of androgenetic alopecia is easy and is based on the history, clinical picture and some diagnostic techniques such as the test of mild extraction of hair and the trichogram.
The main medication administered in the last years for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia or its prevention are local or systemic or both. For men they are finasteride, tretinoin, corticosteroids, minoxidil, η Dutasteride and β-Sitosterol. In women, besides the above χορηγούνται και τα estrogens, progesterone and its derivatives, cyproterone, spironolactone, cimetidine, diazoxide, viprostole, flutamide and [...]
Whatever medication is chosen it must be taken daily for at least 6-12-months with monitoring by a dermatologist. After that, its less frequent application or administration is necessary to maintain the positive results, because the interruption of the use causes the restoration on the scalp of the previous condition.