- Whitening creams: Topical treatment with whitening agents improves discoloration but incorrect application can create skin irritation and worsen hyperpigmentation.
- Chemical peels:Chemical peel removes excess melanin. Its application must be careful because it can cause postinflammatory hyperpigmentation.
- Dermabrasion: With dermabrasion the skin is regenerated as the part with discoloration is removed.
- Laser: Melanin has a wide spectrum of radiation absorption , therefore it allows the use of different kind of lasers as therapeutic measures. laser CO2 causes sublimation of the water of the skin thereby removing the pigment that causes hyperpigmentation. The initial application of a CO2 laser targets the skin’s hyperpigmentation cusing minimal thermal damage in the skin’s deeper layers and afterwards the application of a pulsed dye laser targets the pigments of the dermis.