Because of the high rate of asymptomatic cases, screening must depend on the appearance of symptoms. People with intense sexual life and multiple partners must be screened annually, so that eventual infection can be diagnosed early.
Screening in men is done by taking material from urethra discharges and in women by taking cervical or urethral sample or urine. The sample is examined in a lab with classic method of cultivation or with other modern methods . It must be noted that Pap –test does not diagnose the existence of chlamydia.
Of course a strong preventive measure is the use of protection by barrier (condoms, vaginal septum etc.) during sexual contact, and so the danger of transmission of chlamydial infections is reduced (as other STDs) by up to 65%. Also hand washing sexual contact after is recommended.
In conclusion, the possibility of transmission of chlamydial infections during sexual contact must not cause fear or stress, but lead to information about the subject mainly on the ways it spreads, the prevention measures and the symptoms.
Knowledge is essential as it contributes in compliance with the prevention measures , and secondly in acknowledging eventual symptoms.