Atopic dermatitis, the well-known eczema, is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder that affects 15-30% of children and 2-10% of adults.
Its frequent outbreaks afflict sufferers, significantly degrading their quality of life. Symptoms
The disease is manifested by recurrent episodes of skin inflammation and intense itching and is characterized by periods of exacerbation and remission (during which the skin shows a normal appearance).
Severe itching can also cause secondary infections from bacteria or fungi, which can “invade” the scratched skin.
Atopic dermatitis can occur in any area of the body, but some areas are affected more often than others.
The treatment of atopic dermatitis first aims at hydrating the skin with emollients, in order to fight the dry skin which is responsible for the intense accompanying itching.
Medication is then given, always under the supervision of a dermatologist, such as antihistamines to control itching, antibiotics to fight secondary infections, and topical corticosteroids (in cream or ointment) or topical inhibitors to control the disease.